All About Srinagar by:David H. Urmann
Srinigar, like any other city in India, has a lot to offer from its vast history as well as its diverse cultural tradition
. Srinagar is home of numerous beautiful gardens which were built during the early 20th century.
Srinagar is the capital city of the Kashmir and Jammu state in India. It is located on the Kashmir Valley and is found on the banks of the River Jhelum, which is a stream of the Indus. The city of Srinagar is very popular for its houseboats and lakes. In addition, it is well known for the Kashmiri handicrafts as well as dry fruits. It is the administrative headquarters of both the Srinagar division and Srinagar district.
The name of the city is composed of the Sanskrit words Sri and Nagar. The word Sri means wealth and abundance while the word Nagar means city. Therefore, the city of Srinagar indicates a place of abundance and wealth. In addition, Sri is the name of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi. There is a legend included in the Nilmatapurana of Nila, which states that the Valley of Kashmir was really a vast lake. It is also said that Kashyapa, a Hindu sage, had drained out all the water and there emerged the wonderful Kashmir Valley.
In terms of tourism, this city has a huge share for India. Tourism plays an important role in Srinagars economy. This city is an access to numerous breath-taking and scenic places within India. The well renowned hill station as well as skiing resort Gulmarg is about 50 kilometers away from Srinagar. For years, tourism is the main contributor in the citys economy tough it had greatly affected some of the insurgent activities by several other elements.
The city is popular for its numerous lakes. The Dal Lake and its houseboats are world famous. This city is a beautiful and small city with a very good climate during the summer. Another popular lake is Srinagar is the Nagin Lake.
Outside the city of Shrinagar, there is a magnificent Shalimar Gardens. This garden was created by a Mughal Emperor named Jehangir in the year 1619.
The city has numerous gardens which are all part of the gardens placed by the Mogul Emperors across India. These gardens are now known as the Mughal Gardens. They are all situated in the city and its other neighboring sites including the Pari Mahal, a palace of fairies and the Chasma Shahi or royal fountains.
The Nishat Bagh or gardens of spring and Nashim Bagh as well as the Shalimar Bagh are also just a few meters away from the Mughal Gardens. Smt Sonia Gandhi had recently opened the Tulip Gardens to the public. This Tulip Garden has rows and rows of Tulips with various shades and colors.
Like the state of Kashmir and Jammu, this city has a mixture of cultural tradition. The holy places within the city portray the historical, religious, and cultural diversity of Srinagar and the Valley of Kashmir.
There are numerous places of worship around the city. There are 12 holy places, which includes the Hazratbal shrine, Rozabal Mosque, Chari Sharief, Zesta, Kheer Bhawani and the Shankaracharya Temple, which is situated on the Sulaiman Hill. The Jama Masjid in Srinagar is considered as one of Kashmir's oldest mosques.
The Dsgeer Sahib in Kunyar is the holy temple of Saint Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani. The Bulbul Sahed is a shrine for Saint Sheikh Abdul Rahman. Khangah Moulla is a mosque, which was founded by Hazrat Shah-i-Hamadan, a Sufi saint. Lastly, the Hari Parbat is a hill, which lays the shrine of Sheikh Hamza Makdoom, a Sufi saint.
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