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When Teeth Cries

Very common cause of a toothache is a dental cavity

. Dental cavities (caries) are holes in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel and the dentin. The enamel is the outermost white hard surface and the dentin is the yellow layer just beneath the enamel. Both layers serve to protect the inner living tooth tissue called the pulp, where blood vessels and nerves reside. Certain bacteria in the mouth convert simple sugars into acid. The acid softens and (along with saliva) dissolves the enamel and dentin, creating cavities. Small, shallow cavities may not cause pain and may be unnoticed by the patient. The larger deeper cavities can be painful and collect food debris. The inner living pulp of the affected tooth can become irritated by bacterial toxins or by foods and liquids that are cold, hot, sour, or sweet, thereby causing toothaches. Severe injury to the pulp can lead to the death of pulp tissue, resulting in tooth infection (dental abscess). A small swelling or "gum blister" may be present near the affected tooth as well. Toothaches from these larger cavities are the most common reason for visits to dentists.

Follow These Tips to Keep Your Teeth and Gums Healthy.

You should brush your teeth twice a day using proper brushing technique

Drink as much as water you can drink. It prevents action of bacteria on your teeth.

Avoid tobacco products

Flossing is also important to prevent plaque development on the teeth

Eating a balanced diet which includes Vitamin C and calcium will help you keep your gums healthy.

Avoid unnecessary stress as stress hormone may cause inflammation in your body, including your gums.

Gum Disease: Periodontal diseases or gum diseases have become very common among people. About 3/4th of the population are suffering from gum problems in a minor or severe form. However, 80 to 85 percent of them have normal problems which can easily be cured. Rest of them suffer from severe gum problems that need proper medical care and treatment. These severe diseases of gums are called periodontitis. The main cause of such cases is the plaque. Plaque is formed on the teeth due to ignorance. If you do not keep proper oral hygiene, plaques develop on your teeth. These are bacteria which would attack your gums and cause inflammation. This results in swollen, red, and bleeding gums. In people who are suffering from gingivitis, it may not be painful but for others it may cause severe pain. Gingivitis in its earlier stage can be cured if treated well in time. If not treated in time, it may lead to tooth loss. It would be better to consult a dentist if you are experiencing any such problem.

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