About Acne - What Can You Do to Cure or Alleviate Acne?
What is Acne
Acne is an ordinary skin disease that causes pimples. Anyone can get acne. Acne is not just a trouble for adolescents; it can involve people from ages 10 through 40. Acne arises on the face, as well as the neck, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms. Acne stimulates the sebaceous glands of the skin to enlarge, produce oil, and plug the pores. Whiteheads (closed comedones), blackheads (open comedones), and pimples (pustules) are present in teenage acne. Acne lesions heal slowly, and when one begins to resolve, others seem to crop up. This ongoing battle and long-permanent cycle is both wearisome and frustrating.
The Cause of Acne
There are numerous myths about what causes acne. Chocolate and oily foods are frequently blamed, but there are little facts that foods have much effect on acne in most people. Acne is not caused by filth. Hormones likely play a role in the growth of acne. Acne happens when oil glands come to life around puberty, stimulated by male hormones from the adrenal glands of both boys and girls. Sebum is a natural substance which lubricates and protects the skin, and under certain circumstances, cells that are close to the surface block the openings of sebaceous glands and cause a buildup of oil underneath. This oil stimulates bacteria to multiply and cause surrounding tissues to become inflamed. Acne is not contagious, so you cannot catch it.
The Common Symptom of Acne
The initially symptoms are tiny, tender, red spots that presently turn into pimples containing degraded fatty acids. The inflammation disappears over some days or weeks. Severe acne can cause scars which will never disappear. Acne can also cause psychological stress and be socially disabling. An early effective treatment is therefore imperative. Papules are small raised bumps that signal inflammation or infection in the hair follicles. Papules may be red and tender. Nodules are large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin. Cysts are painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin. These boil-like infections can cause scars.
The Treatment of Acne include
Acne may cause you considerable emotional misery but there is a range of treatment choices to assist you tackle the difficulty. Treatments for acne include drugs and creams. Acne lotions may dry up the oil, kill bacteria and promote sloughing of dead skin cells. Acne treatments work by reducing oil production, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection, reducing the inflammation. Various oral medications have been developed to cure adult hormonal acne. These drugs usually affect hormones by creating a balance in the production thereof.
Microdermabrasion may be used to remove the upper layers of the skin improving irregularities in the surface, contour, and generating new skin. Anti-androgens control the body's production of the said hormone. As such, it minimizes the risks of the skin becoming too oily, which in turn will prevent acne from forming. Antibiotics taken by mouth such as tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, or erythromycin are often prescribed. Medications such as spironolactone and flutamide are the most recommended anti-androgens. Injections of corticosteroids may be used for treating large red bumps (nodules).
Injections of corticosteroids may help them go away quickly. Topical retinoids are drugs based on vitamin A, which are rubbed into the skin once or twice a day. They work by encouraging the external layer of skin to flake off. Another cure for hormonal acne is oral contraceptives. These drugs have progestin and estrogen to replace androgens. Acne surgery may be used to remove blackheads and whiteheads. Light chemical peels with salicylic acid or glycolic acid help to unblock the pores, open the blackheads and whiteheads, and stimulate new skin growth. Birth control tablets may significantly improve acne, and may be used particularly for the treatment of acne.
You can also prevent acne breakouts with self-care events, such as washing your skin with a tender cleanser and avoiding touching or picking at the problem areas. Other acne prevention tips include rinse acne-prone areas only twice a day. Washing removes excess oil and dead skin cells. Use a benzoyl peroxide lotion to keep blemishes at bay. Avoid heavy foundation makeup. Remove makeup before going to bed. Wear loose fitting clothing. Try to shower as soon as possible after your workout since sweat combined with skin oils can trap dirt and bacteria in your pores.
Vitamins and minerals can do speculates for you in preventing acne. Vitamins A, B5, and E are helpful to stop and treat acne. Zinc minimizes acne break outs. Drink eight glasses of water every day to cleanse and hydrate your skin. Regular exercise promotes stress reduction and enhances blood circulation, as well as increasing oxygen supply to the skin, thus aiding in the prevention of acne. Choose oil-free cosmetics which do not have the potential to clog pores. Check your cosmetics, foods and other products to make sure you are not having a problem with allergies that can be mistaken for acne.
About Acne - What Can You Do to Cure or Alleviate Acne?
By: Juliet Cohen
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